Confirming evidences: History, Archaeology, Biology, Creation

Psalm 8:9 O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth!

Evidence of Things Not Seen — Robert S. Seklemian, 1898 - 1984
A concise and elegant treatment of creation and the Creator.

Creation and Cosmos — A theory of cosmogony and the deluge
Isaac Vail's evidence is reviewed in "Scientific American" and research between 1902 - 1905.
Special treatment of the earth formation and evidence from frozen woolly mammoths.

Waters Above the Firmament — Isaac Vail, 1902. 407 pages.
Earth's Annular System. The Mosaic record scientifically explained.
Complete text with navigation of the Table of Contents, Illustrations and Appendix sections.

The Deluge and its Cause — Isaac Vail, 1905. 133 pages.
Being an explanation of the Annular Theory of the formation of the earth, with special reference to the flood and ancient races.
Fully indexed linked with searchable text.

The Biblical Flood and Noah's Ark — Allen Springer, 2018. 23 pages
An endeavor to integrate the Scientific Method into an interpretation of the Bible Account of the Flood and Noah’s Ark.

Authenticity of the Bible — from: ( 2019, 11 pages
Does the Bible qualify as of Divine Origin?
What evidence outside the Bible supports this claim?
How does the Bible compare to other claimants?
This brief overview presents compelling arguments, and includes valuable links to additional resources. — Biblical Geology
This Australian site assembles current research and findings corroborating the Biblical flood and creationism. It is richly supported with articles, evidence, images and blogs.

Life Origins — Allen Springer, 2018. 21 pages.
A scientific analysis of Evolution, Abiogenesis and Intelligent Design.
All are in agreement on at least one point in this discussion: atheists, agnostics, evolutionists, creationists, and others, all believe that life had a beginning. The details of that beginning, as hypothesized by those who have studied it, include the answers to several fundamental questions:
Where did life begin? When did life begin?
What were the forces and circumstances which led to the development of life?
What evidence exists to help in answering these questions? See:

Secret Code of Creation — Dr. Jason Lisle, 2019
A one-hour video: Creation patterns of design seen in the mathematical Mandelbrot Set and the fractal geometric properties observed in all the earth and universe.
The evidence is for the Creator with Purposeful Design.
The first 12 minutes introduce basic math concepts but quickly advances to patterns that challenge every evolution theory. For the mathematically inclined, this is an hour well spent.
We do not validate other theological views that may be held by the speaker or sponsor.
However, this is a classic presentation as long as it remains on the internet.

Fresh Light from the Ancient Monuments — Archibald Henry Sayce, 1892 Seventh edition
(1845 - 1933) Sayce was an English philologist and archeologist whose studies contributed significantly to the vindication through archeology of the historical sections of the Old Testament. When he began his career, he was steeped in higher criticism, but the hard facts from the archeological and linguistic investigations in which he played a leading role contributed to his conversion to Biblical Christianity. He authored over 25 major books in his fields.
That Sayce uses conventional dating for Biblical events rather than critical chronology analysis, should not detract from the factual evidence for events. Frequently referenced in the Towers. See R2536, December 1, 1899.

New Discoveries in Babylonia About Genesis — Peter J. Wiseman, 1949 Fifth edition
This book is the outcome of studies in archaeology and Genesis, while working in the land of Genesis. Here resolves a centuries-old question: "How was Genesis written and whence
came the narratives and genealogies contained in this first book of Scripture?"

Antiquity of the Books of Moses — Albert O. Hudson, England 1971
A study of when the first five books of the Bible were written, the views of ‘Higher Critics’,
and the implications for thought in the early twentieth century of archaeological discoveries.

Original Writers of Genesis — William C. Bertsche, 1970s
Archaeology and internal evidence is presented for the authors of the Genesis records being the successive heads of families.
Each generation recorded their genealogy and history on durable clay tablets.
These were preserved and passed to Noah and thence to Moses who composed the formal transcript.

>>EXODUS EVIDENCE for 1615 BC, from Geology, Archaeology and Astronomy:
The ancient eruption of the volcano in the Aegean Sea named Santorini or Thera has been considered a possible “natural” explanation for the 10 plagues and Exodus has long been postulated. Ash from the eruption is found in both Egypt and Israel excavations. The precision dating of the Thera event that destroyed the Minoan civilization (Crete) has surfaced setting forth a series of eruptions between 1627-1600 BC. Otherwise this is stated as 1613 ± 13 BC. Bible Chronology places the Exodus at 1615 BC, and is central to this projected dating.
    Radiocarbon Dating — Reporting the research findings, 2019
    Santorini Eruption  — 1613 B.C. and its consequences, Walter L. Friedrich, 2013

>>Studies for dating Santorini from Science Magazine, April 2006
    New Carbon Dates   — Support History of Ancient Mediterranean
    Santorini Eruption  — Radiocarbon Dated to 1627–1600 B.C.
    Aegean Chronology — for the Late Bronze Age 1700–1400 B.C.

>>Evidence from Astronomy
    Lunar Eclipses — NASA tables assembled by Brian Kutscher, 2019
The NASA study includes the eclipse data for 1615 BC (which is equal to -1614, as NASA uses a Zero Year for mathematical simplicity), as well as 33 A.D. and the 21st century.
The 2nd to 3rd of April (the start of the 15th of Nisan) in 1615 BC was the only Passover night when there was a total eclipse of the Moon on the date that Passover could have taken place. Other years, there was no total eclipse that was visible from Egypt.

53 People Confirmed — Biblical Archaeology Society - Lawrence Mykytiuk, 2017
This PDF is compiled from the web site and is in two sections:
(1) A tabular listing of 53 Biblical persons with: Name, Position, Date, Bible References.
(2) Archaeological documentation for each name.
Dates are according to historical consensus and differ somewhat with the Biblical record.
Refer to the Chronology site and the Dates Table.
However, the mounting archaeological evidence for Biblical characters is compelling.

When was Jerusalem Destroyed? — Conclusive historical and archaeological evidence in the reign of Nebuchadnezzar.

Hezekiah & Siloam Inscription — Evidence in the City of David
Fearing a siege by the Assyrian king, Sennacherib, Hezekiah preserved Jerusalem’s water supply by cutting a tunnel through 1,750 feet of solid rock from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam.
This builder's inscription confirms 2 Kings 20:20 and 2 Chron. 32:30.

Sennacherib Prism
After having conquered the 10 northern tribes of Israel, the Assyrians moved southward to do the same to Judah (2 Kings 18–19). The prophet Isaiah, however, told Hezekiah that God would protect Judah and Jerusalem against Sennacherib (2 Chron. 32; Isa. 36–37). Assyrian records virtually confirm this. The cuneiform on a hexagonal, 15-inch baked clay prism found at the Assyrian capital of Nineveh describes Sennacherib’s invasion of Judah in which it claims that the Assyrian king shut Hezekiah inside Jerusalem “like a caged bird.” Like the biblical record, however, it does not state that he conquered Jerusalem, which the prism certainly would have done had this been the case. The Assyrians, in fact, bypassed Jerusalem on their way to Egypt, and the city would not fall until the time of Nebuchadnezzar and the Neo-Babylonians. Sennacherib himself returned to Nineveh where his own sons murdered him.

Hezekiah Seal
The royal seal of King Hezekiah in the Bible was found in an archaeological excavation. The stamped clay seal, also known as a bulla, was discovered in the Ophel excavations led by Dr. Eilat Mazar at the foot of the southern wall of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. See also:

Cyrus Cylinder
2 Chronicles 36:23 and Ezra 1 report that Cyrus the Great of Persia, after conquering Babylon, permitted Jews in the Babylonian Captivity to return to their homeland. Isaiah had even prophesied this (Isa. 44:28). This tolerant policy of the founder of the Persian Empire is borne out by the discovery of a nine-inch clay cylinder found at Babylon from the time of its conquest, 539 BC, which reports Cyrus’s victory and his subsequent policy of permitting Babylonian captives to return to their homes and even rebuild their temple.

2600 years of history in one object — Neil MacGregor: Lecture and visuals on the Cyrus Cylinder
In this enthralling talk (19 minutes) Neil MacGregor, Director of the British Museum, traces 2600 years of Middle Eastern history through this single object. A journey from Babylon, Belshazzar, Nebuchadnezzar, Cyrus, Persia, Hebrew Bible, Balfour Declaration, WW-1 and until today's world. To quote one segment: "... The Cyrus cylinder comes back into public view and the text of this as a demonstration of why what is going to happen after the war is over in 1918 is part of a divine plan. You all know what happened. The state of Israel is founded, and 50 years later, in the late 60s, it's clear that Britain's role as the imperial power is over. And another story of the cylinder begins." The full text transcript at:

Golden Bell of the High Priest — Archaeological Discoveries, 2011
One of the most exciting and very important finds was the discovery of a small golden bell that hung on the High Priest's beautiful robe which he wore when he entered into the Holy of Holies inside the Holy Temple of the God of Israel. Golden bells were reserved only for the garments of the High Priest. The bells were hung on the hem of the High Priest's robe and they would ring when the High Priest entered the Holy of Holies. Exodus 28:34-35.
Documentation at:

Key archaeology discoveries in Israel

Significant VIDEOS

Fountains of the Great Deep
Conditions existing in the world before the Great Deluge. Recent scientific discoveries related to the Creative Epoch days (not 24-hour days), Noah's Ark, the Biblical Flood, extraterrestrial source of Earth's Oceans, the Oort Cloud, and much more.

Fearfully and Wonderfully Made
Intelligent design. A Scientific Perspective of a Modern Controversy.

The Workhorse of the Cell: Kinesin
Masterpieces of microengineering, kinesins are motorized transport machines that move cellular materials to their correct locations in the cell so they can perform their functions. Kinesins have two feet, or "globular heads," that literally walk, one foot over another. Known as the "workhorses of the cell," kinesins can carry cargo many times their own size.
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In-Depth Exploration of the City of David in Jerusalem
Published on May 20, 2012
Yishai Fleisher ( takes us on an adventure in the famous Ir Davide (City of David) in Jerusalem.
Interview with Doron Spielman, Vice President of the City of David Foundation.
Connections between the history of the Jewish people in Israel and the modern day discovery of archeological evidence.